Salem district is a geologist’s paradise, surrounded by hills and the landscape dotted with hillock. Salem has a vibrant culture dating back to the ancient Kongu Nadu. As a district, Salem has its significance in various aspects. The Salem steel plant was an ambitious project started with a view to utilize the locally available iron-ore from Kanchamalai to produce steel. This public sector company engaged in rolling out cast steel blacks into sheet of required dimensions by cold and hot extrusion methods.Mango fruits from Salem are enjoyed and much sought after. Specially the variety Malgoa which is the pride of Salem besides a number of other newly introduced hybrid varieties. Rope making is another major cottage industry. Yercaud is a popular summer resort in Salem, quite inexpensive yet exquisitely picturesque.